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Syria’s Kurds say US pullout ‘harms anti-IS fight’

A convoy of US armoured vehicles drives near the village of Yalanli, on the western outskirts of the northern Syrian city of Manbij. March 5, 2017Image copyright
AFP

Image caption

US troops have largely been stationed in the Kurdish region in northern Syria

A Kurdish-led alliance in Syria says President Donald Trump’s surprise decision to withdraw US troops will allow the Islamic State (IS) group to recover.

A statement from the Syria Democratic Forces (SDF) warned of a military vacuum that would leave the alliance trapped between “hostile parties”.

Mr Trump made the announcement on Wednesday, saying IS had been defeated.

However, major allies and some US politicians have disputed the claim.

A US partnership with the SDF – an alliance of Syrian Kurdish and Arab fighters – is credited with playing a major role in the virtual elimination of IS after it overran large swathes of Syria four years ago.

About 2,000 US troops have largely been stationed in the Kurdish region in northern Syria.

  • Trump’s Syria troop removal prompts questions
  • After the caliphate: What next for IS?

The SDF statement warned that the withdrawal would “negatively impact” the anti-IS campaign and allow the group “to revive itself again”.

It said the US move would have “dangerous implications” for regional stability and “create a political and military vacuum… leaving its people between the claws of hostile parties”.

Neighbouring Turkey has said it is poised to launch a military operation against the Kurdish YPG militia – the main fighting force in the SDF – which it regards as a terrorist group.

US support for the group has strained relations between Washington and Ankara.

What has the US announced?

The Pentagon said it was transitioning to the “next phase of the campaign” to eliminate IS but did not provide further details.

President Trump, who has long pledged to pull troops out of Syria, said on Twitter that it was time to bring them home after their “historic victories”.

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@realDonaldTrump


Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump: After historic victories against ISIS, it’s time to bring our great young people home! Image Copyright @realDonaldTrump
@realDonaldTrump

The White House would not give a timescale for the withdrawal but defence officials quoted by the New York Times said President Trump wanted it done within 30 days.

What other reaction has there been?

Republican Senator Lindsey Graham, who is one of Mr Trump’s supporters and sits on the armed services committee, called the withdrawal decision a “huge Obama-like mistake”, which would have “devastating consequences” both in Syria and beyond.

He said he feared it would mean ceding influence in the region to Russia and Iran.

Mr Trump’s announcement came only a week after Brett McGurk, special presidential envoy for the global coalition to defeat IS, cautioned again a US withdrawal from Syria.

“Obviously, it would be reckless if we were just to say, well, the physical caliphate is defeated, so we can just leave now. I think anyone who’s looked at a conflict like this would agree with that,” he told reporters at the state department.

The UK government distanced itself from President Trump’s assertion that IS had been defeated.

Media captionOn board the eye in the sky watching Syria

“Much remains to be done and we must not lose sight of the threat they pose,” a Foreign Office statement said.

French Defence Minister Florence Parly said on Twitter that IS had been weakened but not “wiped from the map”.

“It is necessary that the last pockets of this terrorist organisation be definitively defeated militarily,” she added.

Israel said it had been told the US had “other ways to have influence in the area” but it would “study the timeline [of the withdrawal], how it will be done and of course the implications for us”.

Striking a different tone, Russian foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said the US decision could result in “genuine, real prospects for a political settlement” in Syria.

What now for the Kurds?

Analysis by Jonathan Marcus, BBC diplomatic correspondent

Many will see President Trump’s decision to withdraw US ground forces from north-eastern Syria as nothing less than a betrayal of the Kurds.

They have been Washington’s most effective ally in the fight against IS. Now they are left as one spokesman for the largely Kurdish Syria Democratic Forces put it – “between the claws of hostile parties.”

Turkey seems ready to push southwards, further into Syria to neutralise Kurdish fighters.

The Syrian regime has scores to settle. And IS, while significantly weakened, could still re-emerge from any security vacuum left by the US departure. The Kurds have secured a significant degree of autonomy in this part of Syria, but how long will this last?

Divided between four countries – Syria, Turkey, Iraq and Iran – the Kurds are riven by sectional disputes of their own, and their dreams of statehood seem as far away as ever.

  • Who are the Kurds?

What has Turkey said?

On Thursday, Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar issued a stark warning to YPG fighters, saying they “will be buried in their ditches when the time comes”.

Earlier this month, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said a military operation against the YPG could start “in the next few days”.

A spokesman for Kurdish authorities in north-eastern Syria, Aldar Xelil, told Ronahi TV that no-one was clear on details of the withdrawal “including US commanders here”.

However, he called for continued protests against the looming Turkish operation.

Analysts also said a US withdrawal would leave the Kurds in northern Syria exposed.

Jennifer Cafarella, from the Institute for the Study of War, a Washington-based think tank, told the AP news agency that Turkey, Russia, and the Syrian government could now compete for regions under US control, at the expense of the Kurds.